The bad news is that the headlights on your car may not be as effective as you think they are. However, the good news is that you might be able to cancel that optometrist appointment.
A recent study conducted by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) has revealed that many new cars are equipped with acceptable, marginal and even poorly rated headlight systems. The really surprising thing is that several of the vehicles with inadequate headlights are classified as luxury vehicles.
According to David Zuby, IIHS executive vice president and chief research officer, “If you’re having trouble seeing behind the wheel at night, it could very well be your headlights and not your eyes that are to blame.”
The Importance of Vehicle Headlights
Obviously, it is necessary for your car to have headlights and taillights so that you can see and be seen while driving at night. And because of the potential hazards involved with operating a motor vehicle, auto makers have realized that simply having two glorified flashlights attached to the front of a car just isn’t enough. It has been determined that about half of all traffic-related deaths occur either in the dark or in dawn or dusk conditions. So, improved headlights will lead to more lives being saved.
- How well can you see at night? It is one thing to be able to see the road, but how well can you see objects on the road. Obviously, people and animals should be clearly illuminated. But smaller items and significant pavement flaws should also be observable. You can easily wreck your car if you run into a rock, brick or pothole at full speed.
- How much time do you have to react? Every driver requires at least a few seconds to react and perform an evasive maneuver when confronted with a hazard. It will do you no good to see the deer if the animal only becomes visible when it is just a few feet in front of you. The correct illumination should allow you time to notice obstacles and react appropriately without putting yourself or other drivers at risk.
- How much glare do you experience? If there is a flaw in your vehicle’s headlight system that allows light to bounce back and impair your vision, this could cause problems when driving at night. Due to the aging characteristics of the eye, older drivers are especially vulnerable to glare. And even if your headlights are fine, you may still experience glare-related issues from the oncoming headlights of other cars.
Of course, you might think that if you are buying a brand new car with good safety ratings and all of the latest technology features, you will also be getting a lighting system that performs perfectly. However, if the findings from this IIHS study are accurate, this is, unfortunately, not the case.
IIHS Headlight Ratings
In this study, 31 midsize cars were evaluated and rated for headlight performance. Because vehicles with different trim levels sometimes come with different headlights, there were a total of 82 ratings for these 2016 models.
- At the IIHS Vehicle Research Center, the headlights being rated were evaluated on a track after dark with a special device that measures the light from both low and high beams as the vehicle is driven.
- A tested vehicle was driven on five different approaches: traveling straight, on a sharp left curve, on a sharp right curve, on a gradual left curve and on a gradual right curve.
- Glare from oncoming vehicles was measured from low beams in each scenario to make sure that it was not excessive.
- Headlights were tested as received from the dealer. While the vertical aim of headlights can be adjusted on most cars, IIHS did not change headlight aim for the purpose of this study because few vehicle owners do, and they are actually advised not to by some manufacturers.
- After a particular vehicle was tested on the track, IIHS engineers compared its visibility and glare measurements to those of a hypothetical headlight system that would be considered ideal. Based on this comparison, a scheme of demerits was used to determine a rating.
- The results for low beams were weighted more heavily than results from high beams because low beams are used more frequently by most drivers. And the readings on the straightaway test were weighted more heavily than those from the curve evaluations because (statistically) more crashes occur on straight sections of road.
- Headlights that produced an excessive amount of glare on any of the approaches did not earn a rating above marginal.
After all possible lighting systems on all of the selected vehicles were carefully evaluated, only one car was judged to have “good” headlights: The Toyota Prius v.
Out of 82 ratings, there was only one “good” score, but it actually gets worse. The Prius v only earned a good rating when equipped with LED lights and high-beam assist. And in order to get these particular headlights, a customer must purchase the advanced technology package, which is only available on the highest trim level. When only equipped with regular halogen lights and without high-beam assist, the Prius v earned a “poor” rating.
Here are the rankings for the other cars tested with the best available headlight system for each model:
- Audi A3, Honda Accord 4-Door, Infiniti Q50, Lexus ES, Lexus IS, Mazda6, Nissan Maxima, Subaru Outback, Volkswagen CC, Volkswagen Jetta and Volvo S60
- Acura TLX, Audi A4, BMW 2 Series, BMW 3 Series, Chrysler 200, Ford Fusion, Lincoln MKZ, Subaru Legacy and Toyota Camry
- Buick Verano, Cadillac ATS, Chevrolet Malibu, Chevrolet Malibu Limited, Hyundai Sonata, Kia Optima, Mercedes-Benz C-Class, Mercedes-Benz CLA, Nissan Altima and Volkswagen Passat
Out of the headlight systems that earned a poor rating, the halogen lights on the BMW 3 series were rated the absolute worst. A driver with these headlights would apparently have to be going 35 mph or slower to stop in time to avoid an obstacle in the travel lane. The same car was tested with the LED curve-adaptive system with high-beam assist option and earned a marginal rating.
BMW has responded to these findings from IIHS with the following statement to CBS News:
“The BMW Group has been an industry leader for headlight technology innovation for more than four decades. BMW was the first to introduce ellipsoid projector headlights, electronic adaptive headlight technology, xenon headlights and, most recently, BMW Laserlights. BMW has also pioneered Night Vision systems that can detect animals and pedestrians far beyond the range of the best headlight systems. While we are disappointed with the results of the IIHS headlight test of a BMW3 Series equipped with basic halogen headlights, we remain confident that we offer our customers very effective headlight systems at a variety of price points.”
It seems that even though lighting technology has advanced significantly in recent years, auto manufacturers still have a long way to go before they can claim that their lighting systems are capable of keeping all drivers safe at all times and in all conditions.
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